Diabetes | Symptoms| Types | Prevention | Treatment
What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a metabolic disease that is identified by high blood sugar levels. Insufficient insulin (type 1 diabetes) or the inadequacy of the body cells to respond to the insulin produced (type 2 diabetes) are the main causes of diabetes. Apart from these two types of diabetes, there is another form known as gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes usually affects pregnant women.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition wherein a patient’s body is unable to absorb the glucose from the foods he consumes. Are you still wondering what the symptoms of diabetes could be? Then, check some of the warning signs of diabetes listed below:
- Increase in appetite
- Frequent urination
- Feeling too thirsty
- Loss of weight
- Feeling fatigued all day long
- Frequent infections
- Poor wound healing
- High irritability/Depression
- Blurred vision
The type 2 diabetes develops over a long period so some people with high blood sugar may not experience any symptoms. However, type 1 diabetes develops over a short period so people may become very sick till they have been diagnosed. People with diabetes for many years may experience many other serious problems and complications. Some of these complications can result in the following:-
- Eye problems - Damage to the nerves in the body - Kidney problems including kidney failure - Increased risk of heart attack or stroke
What causes Type 1 Diabetes?
The main purpose of a human body’s digestive system is to breakdown all the food into glucose. The blood absorbs this glucose with the help of a hormone known as insulin. Diabetes is mostly caused when the human body is incapable of producing insulin or cannot use it properly. Pancreas produces the insulin hormone to control blood sugar. There are two major types of diabetes namely, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. The type 1 diabetes occurs at any age, but it has been mostly diagnosed in children, teens or young adults. In this condition, the patient’s body produces little or no insulin. So, the person suffering from it has to take injections every day. However, the exact cause of type 1 diabetes is not yet known.
What causes Type 2 diabetes?
Now that we know what causes type 1 diabetes, let's look at the causes of type 2 diabetes. In most cases, type 2 diabetes occurs in adulthood. However, teens and young adults with high obesity rates may also be diagnosed with it. Interestingly, some people are not aware that they have the type 2 diabetes.
What is Gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes is a condition of high blood sugar that usually develops during pregnancy in a woman who is not diabetic.
Diagnosis of diabetes
It is necessary to find out the different warning signs of diabetes that a person is experiencing for diagnosing it properly. Some signs of diabetes are easily seen while some others cannot be found out. So, it is essential to go for blood tests that can accurately diagnose whether a person is suffering from diabetes or not. The three main blood tests that diagnose diabetes include A1C test or glycohemoglobin test, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) or fasting plasma glucose test (FPG). Apart from these blood tests, a person may also need to do a urinalysis test that shows the blood sugar levels.
1. A1C test or glycohemoglobin test
The A1C test is used for diagnosing the type 2 diabetes. It measures the average blood glucose levels of a person over the past three months. A person having an A1C level of 5.7% or above is diagnosed with diabetes.
2. Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) test
The most frequently used test for diagnosing diabetes is the Fasting Plasma Glucose test. It includes measuring the blood sugar level of a person after he has fasted for a minimum of 8 hours. A person with diabetes can have a fasting glucose level of 126 mg/dL or above.
3. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
The oral glucose tolerance test requires a person to fast for a minimum of eight hours. After that, the person has to drink a glass of water that is mixed with 75 g of glucose. According to this test, a person having blood glucose level above 200 mg/dL is diagnosed with diabetes.
How is diabetes treated?
It is observed that a person may get affected by diabetes even when he has taken measures to prevent it. As such, it is preferable to control it with a healthy diet, regular activity and weight control methods. You might be thinking about how is diabetes treated? Well, there are various ways that can be used for treating diabetes. Sometimes, diet and exercise don’t benefit in controlling diabetes. In this case, the doctor may recommend some anti-diabetic medications or insulin. There is no cure available for type 1 diabetes but type 2 diabetes can be treated. The diabetes type 2 medication usually starts with an oral medicine.
There are many drugs available for treating diabetes. They differ based on what the type 1 and type 2 diabetes medication is being used for. Some drugs help in increasing the insulin levels from the pancreas while others decrease the amount of glucose released from the liver. Also, some drugs reduce the amount of carbohydrates that are absorbed from the intestine. There are also medicines available that slow the process of releasing the glucose from the liver. This helps a person to control hunger. As opposed to type 2 diabetes, wherein medications which can be taken orally, a wide range of insulin injections are available to treat type 1 diabetes. You can get a huge variety of diabetes medicines online at AllDayChemist. It is a renowned website that provides all kinds of diabetes medicines online.
How to prevent diabetes?
As opposed to popular belief, a person can take measures for preventing diabetes. For this, it is imperative to have an ideal body weight and an active lifestyle. Also, regular exercise, healthy diet and weight control methods can help in preventing diabetes. However, it has been observed that type 2 diabetes can be prevented but it may not be possible to prevent type 1 diabetes.